Dengue and Chikungunya

Dengue and Chikungunya

Dengue and Chikungunya diseases have all the earmarks of being expanding in all parts of India. Also stricken fear in people so much that the health graph of the country has registered a steep rise in these cases of late. Recent condition suggests a critical situation across the country.

Both infections have similar symptoms, including fever, malaise and fatigue. There is no specific treatment for either dengue fever or chikungunya, and even treatment for uncomplicated cases is symptomatic, with a focus on rehydration and pain relief mainly. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are natural vectors for dengue and chikungunya infection. In zones where both infections co-circulate, they can be transmitted together.

Dengue fever and chikungunya are insect borne viral infections that can cause serious grimness. The two diseases are endemic in different territories in the tropics and cover in circulation to an enormous degree with malaria, and their side effects can make them hard to recognize from malaria in the beginning phases.

With these vector-borne ailments, described by high fever and serious torment in the joints, negatively affecting our lives, specialists have recorded down a portion of the misinterpretations about them that have been setting off false alerts around the nation and subverting the endeavors to check and control these diseases.

MISINTERPRETATIONS

  • Dengue and chikungunya mosquitoes breed in dirty water
  • This is the most well-known confusion related to dengue and chikungunya. It isn't simply dirty water that mosquitoes can lay eggs in; clean water that has been stale for more than five days can likewise regularly go about as the best favorable place for Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito. Disposed of tires and cylinders, void window boxes, water put away in drums and water gathered under fridges subsequent to defrosting would all be able to be likely reproducing shelters for mosquitoes.

  • Having dengue once means it will not occur again
  • There are four distinct kinds of dengue infections, in particular, DEN 1, 2, 3 and 4. Being influenced by one of the four sorts offers no assurance against different strains, which implies a lot of like normal influenza, dengue can be gotten on numerous occasions by a patient through the span of his/her lifetime.

  • Antibiotics are needed to treat dengue and chikungunya
  • Up until this point, there is no antibody that can inoculate people against these infections yet an immunization for dengue will be just around the corner. Almost 75% of dengue cases are reparable just by appropriately apportioning oral liquids and giving legitimate consideration and treatment to patients. Just anticipation and control of mosquitoes can guarantee long haul assurance against these infections.

  • Low platelet count does not always mean dengue
  • Individuals will in general comrade low platelet check with dengue. While it is a decent pointer to see whether a patient is experiencing dengue or not, basic cold and viral fever can likewise cut down your platelet score. There are a few other viral contaminations which can bring about a low platelet check; individuals determined to have blood-related illnesses, paleness, extreme diseases and immunological problems will undoubtedly have fewer platelets in their blood.

  • Using insecticide sprays is enough to kill mosquitoes
  • While sprays and fumigation can demonstrate helpful in checking the mosquito populace, by and large, utilizing no one but bug sprays can't guarantee 100% security against mosquitoes. The fundamental purpose behind this is mosquitoes get executed however eggs and hatchlings don't get slaughtered. It is similarly imperative to keep your environmental factors spotless and clean. Vectors are conceived in stale water amassed in coolers, forced air systems, pots, fancy plants, wellsprings, water tanks, fledgling feeders, and so on. Thus, it is critical to keep up cleanliness in and around the house, and not permit water to amass anyplace.

  • Chikungunya will lead to joint deformity
  • While manifestations of chikungunya incorporate joint agony and muscle pain, and can intently imitate rheumatoid joint pain or other rheumatologic illnesses, the vector-borne ailment can't distort your joints. Most patients recoup completely yet at times, the joint agonies may continue for quite a long time or months.

TREATMENT

Patients ought to allude to their GP in the event that they present with any manifestations of dengue fever or chikungunya. This referral ought to be critical if the patient presents with fever or any extreme manifestations.

There is no particular treatment for either dengue fever or chikungunya, and treatment for uncomplicated cases is suggestive, with attention on rehydration and relief from discomfort.
Rehydration is significant in all instances of fever, especially in hot atmospheres, where patients ought to be treated with oral rehydration treatment as required. Patients with extreme dengue ought to be treated with parenteral rehydration.

Patients with dengue should utilize paracetamol for the absence of pain; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) ought to be maintained a strategic distance from in dengue fever as a result of the danger of haemorrhagic inconveniences. Patients with chikungunya who create ligament indications can be treated with NSAIDs, yet they ought to be checked intently as the sickness can here and there cause thrombocytopenia.

PREVENTION

There are no showcased antibodies yet accessible for either dengue fever or chikungunya. One promising possibility for dengue fever, a live-weakened tetravalent immunization dependent on the illusory yellow fever-dengue infection (CYD-TDV), is in early clinical trials.

The most significant measure one can take against these infections is the utilization of nibble shirking measures for the day; the Aedes mosquito is alluded to as a 'daytime' feeder and will in general be more dynamic during the cooler pieces of the day, for example, early morning and late evening.

Given the quick ascent in the number of revealed instances of dengue and chikungunya, it is fundamental for each person to add to the battle against these fatal infections and to keep India sound and ailment free. Exact data combined with appropriate deterrent measures, can assume a significant part in accomplishing this point and guarantee a tomorrow liberated from the danger of dengue and chikungunya.

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